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Life-Style Changes: Illness & Disease Prevention 

Insulin, Blood Sugar, and Type 2 Diabetes 

Insulin is a key player in developing type 2 diabetes. This vital hormone—you can’t survive without it—regulates blood sugar (glucose) in the body, a very complicated process. Here are the high points: 

  • The food you eat is broken down into blood sugar. 

  • Blood sugar enters your bloodstream, which signals the pancreas to release insulin. 

  • Insulin helps blood sugar enter the body’s cells so it can be used for energy. 

  • Insulin also signals the liver to store blood sugar for later use. 

  • Blood sugar enters cells, and levels in the bloodstream decrease, signaling insulin to decrease too. 

  • Lower insulin levels alert the liver to release stored blood sugar so energy is always available, even if you haven’t eaten for a while. 

 

That’s when everything works smoothly. But this finely tuned system can quickly get out of whack, as follows: 

  • A lot of blood sugar enters the bloodstream. 

  • The pancreas pumps out more insulin to get blood sugar into cells. 

  • Over time, cells stop responding to all that insulin—they’ve become insulin resistant. 

  • The pancreas keeps making more insulin to try to make cells respond. 

  • Eventually, the pancreas can’t keep up, and blood sugar keeps rising. 

 

Lots of blood sugar in the bloodstream is very damaging to the body and needs to be moved into cells as soon as possible. There’s lots of insulin, too, telling the liver and muscles to store blood sugar. When they’re full, the liver sends the excess blood sugar to fat cells to be stored as body fat. Yep, weight gain. And what’s more serious, the stage is set for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes

Signs you might be ready for a change

There may be indicators within your life that it’s time to make lifestyle changes in order to prevent illness from occurring. A few of those signs could include: 

  • Low energy 

  • Increase in weight

  • Lack of enjoyment 

  • Unhealthy relationships 

  • Feeling unfulfilled 

  • Substance use 

  • High levels of stress 

  • Feeling down 

  • Physical health concerns 

  • A mental health diagnosis 

 

This list may not cover every reason. You may experience other signs that indicate a change is in order. If you feel that you’re not living your best life physically, mentally, emotionally, in your relationships, or at work, it could be time to consider making lifestyle adjustments. 

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7 key lifestyle behaviors: Nutrition, Physical activity, Stress relief, Sleep hygiene, Maintaining a healthy body weight, Self-care and Increasing mental health efficacy

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